Public teacher management is under the Teachers Service Commission and over the years, the number of teachers in primary and secondary schools has continued to rise. In 2014, there were 279,416 teachers as compared to 265,180 in 2013, an increase of 5.1 per cent.
However, teacher education has evolved over the years with specific institutions offering education certificates, diplomas and degrees. But during the period under review the number of teacher training colleges rose by 4.3 per cent from 256 in 2013 to 267 in 2014. The total number of teacher trainees in both P1 and diploma colleges grew by 7.4 per cent from 37,113 in 2013 to 39,853 in 2014. The increase can partly be attributed to the growth of training institutions and the double intake for diploma trainee teachers in January and September 2014.
The enrolment of P1 teacher trainees increased by 5.9 percent from 35,397 in 2013 to 37,471 in 2014 with the number of teacher trainee in private colleges increasing by 13 per cent.
Teacher Career Progression
The progression of teachers is dependent on budgetary allocations. The promotion of teachers has been based on the available posts as determined by the approved establishment and the budget.
Opportunities for promotion under the Teacher Proficiency Courses (TPC) are capped at 2.5 per cent annum of the total number of non-graduate teachers translating to about 5,000 non-graduate teachers who are promoted each year.
Professionalism in the teaching service
Professional misconduct is in different forms, with the most common being desertion, absenteeism, negligence of duty, insubordination, immoral behavior, and financial impropriety.
Enforcement of training and teaching standards
The TSC Act of 2012 and the TVET Act of 2013 mandate the TSC and TVET Authority to register all trained teachers and trainers respectively. Plans are underway to develop a mechanism to enforce the registration of all those involved in teaching and training, particularly those in the private institutions.