2011/2012 Yearbook Roads and Transport

Air transport

Kenya Airports Authority

The Kenya Airports Authority whose mandate is the management and provision of airport infrastructure and services geared towards national economic growth, social progress and the achievement of vision 2030 has developed thematic areas on which to align its business activities and programmes. These include revenue enhancement and cost management, customer service, enhancement of the corporate image, infrastructure and facilities development, safety and security, business process automation and environmental sustainability.

With the full implementation of these programmes, KAA will have enhanced operations, increased efficiencies and advanced marketing and business initiatives to the benefit of the country’s airports, the counties and the nation in general. In 2011 KAA gave special emphasis to the improvement of service delivery to the travelling customers, meters and greeters and the general public through infrastructure and facilities expansion and upgrade, guided by the National Airport System Plan. As a result, KAA posted good operational results. The Authority plans to contribute to the national infrastructural and transport support initiatives by modernising and expanding the Jomo Kenyatta and Moi International Airports; upgrading the Kisumu International Airport to be the aviation hub of the Great Lakes Region; and upgrading airstrips at provincial capitals, sub provincial towns and national parks. There is also a plan to liberalise air transport to attract public private ventures and separate regulatory functions from service provision like air navigation services.

KAA operates nine major airports nationwide, out of 156 public aerodromes. It plans to ensure that all 47 counties will have a working airstrip by the end of 2012. To meet this goal, the authority has embarked on renovations and expansion of existing facilities previously neglected and in disuse. The Government is contemplating privatisation and public-private partnerships in key operations and services at the airport in order to increase efficiency and promote tourism. Aircraft movement improved by 13.5 per cent to 239,734 in 2011, up from 211,234 recorded in the previous year. Passengers increased by 12.5 per cent to about 8.1 million. Freight traffic improved by a modest 2.1 per cent to 300 million kilogrammes, making JKIA the leading airport in Africa in freight handling. Gulf Air, Condor Airline, Yemen Air, Royal Jordanian Airline and Korean Air started operations at Nairobi’s Jomo Kenyatta International Airport in 2011 and Etihad Airline in 2012.

At Eldoret’s Moi International Airport, Alitalia, Enter Air, Finnair, Novair, Oren Air and Yes Airways began operations. In early 2012, Kenya has already witnessed the arrival of OneTime Airline at Moi which operates from South Africa. At JKIA, Fly Dubai and Eritrean Airline have shown interest of starting operations in 2012.

National Airport System Plan

The Kenya Airports Authority in collaboration with the Government developed the National Airports System Plan in 2011. The plan is in recognition of the importance of air transport in Kenya’s economic growth, to sustain the growth of its international and domestic air traffic and to maintain the country’s status as an important hub in the region (East and Central Africa and the Indian Ocean). The blueprint is to guide the development of airports in Kenya for the next 25 years. The plan addresses the challenges of sustaining sufficient budgetary allocations for rehabilitation and maintenance of airport facilities; reaching international safety and security standards; and improving and strengthening airport operational and management capability.

Infrastructure improvements

Kenya Airports Authority has initiated and implemented several airport infrastructure and capacity enhancement projects, to enhance service delivery. Several of these projects have been completed while others are at various stages of construction works.

Jomo Kenyatta International Airport

This is one of the busiest airports in Africa, serving as a major hub in East Africa, for cargo and tourist passengers. JKIA has been growing in terms of aircraft and passenger traffic at a rate comparable to no other country within the East and Central African region. Coordinated funding efforts with the Government, public agencies and private investors have resulted in major development projects within the airport, which include:

  • Construction of Terminal 4 passenger apron, taxiways and associated facilities
  • Unit 4 building and parking garage (Package 2)
  • Aircraft pavement and airfield lighting system
  • Construction of remote stands with fuel hydrant system
  • Expansion of cargo apron at JKIA
  • New Greenfield Terminal

Construction of Terminal 4

The project began in 2006 and included the expansion of the aircraft parking space from 23 stands to 43, increasing the aircraft manoeuvring area by construction of additional two taxiways — the Eastern and Western taxiways — to improve capacity and efficiency of air side operation, and extending the fuel hydrant system. The project which was completed in April, 2008, at a cost of $38 million, also included construction of the air side access roads.

Kisumu Airport

It serves the Great Lakes region and has been upgraded at a cost of Kshs3 billion ($35.3 million). The objective of the project was to upgrade Kisumu Airport from a domestic to an international airport, capable of accommodating B767 aircrafts. This was accomplished through extension of the runway to 3.3km, linking taxiways, apron and a new terminal building with a capacity to handle 700 passengers every hour, translating to two million people annually. The project which was completed on July 30, 2011, has elevated the airport to class I, and the runway to Class 4D. Kisumu Airport was officially commissioned on February 2, 2012. A new contract for additional works covering the new cargo apron, two additional taxiways and further strengthening of the runway has been tendered. The facility serves the Nyanza economy at a time when the region is on the path to economic recovery with several investments coming up. Some of the business openings at the facility include duty free and curio shops, cargo handling, catering and transport services. The airport is considered among the top eight busiest airports in East Africa. The facility can handle Boeing 737-800 planes, Airbus 310s or any plane with similar capacities flying directly from Kisumu to other international destinations.

Malindi Airport

Malindi Airport is at the coast, some 2.5km from Malindi town on the Malindi-Mombasa highway. The airport is undergoing a Kshs 192 million ($2.3 million) expansion and modernisation of its facilities. The scope of work includes construction of a modern terminal building with a 500-passenger capacity and a floor area of 2,200 square metres, separated departures and arrivals sections on the ground floor, a modern restaurant and two cafeterias, office space with conference facility and a new fire vehicle shed. The construction work started in 2009 and the airport is set to be commissioned in 2012.

Moi International Airport

Moi International Airport is to undergo a rehabilitation of the existing runway, taxiway and apron pavements which were last resurfaced in 1992. The objective of this project is to ensure safe aircraft operation at the airport. Construction is expected to commence in the first quarter of the 2012/2013 financial year. Funding for construction works, estimated at Kshs 3.5 billion ($41.2 million), has been confirmed by the World Bank.