The county is located in Western Kenya along the border with Uganda, and borders Busia, Kakamega and Trans Nzoia Counties.
Temperatures range from minimum of between 15 – 20 0C to a maximum of between 22 – 30 0C. It has two rainy seasons with average rainfall from 1200mm to 1800mm per annum.
Population density: 453.5 people per km2
National percentage: 3.6 per cent
Growth rate: 4.3per cent
Government County capital: Bungoma Town (pro- posed)
Constituencies: Mt Elgon, Sirisia, Kabuchai, Bumula, Kanduyi, Webuye East, Webuye West, Kimilili and Ton- garen
Poverty level: 53 per cent of population live below poverty line.
Resources: Natural (Mt. Elgon, Hills, Forests, Rivers Nzoia and Malakisi among others, hot springs), historical sites – Chetambe Fort Ruins
Tourist attractions: Mt Elgon National Park, Mt Elgon Forest Reserve and the Chepkitale Forest, Nabuyole and Malakisi Falls, Sang’alo, Musikoma, and Kabuchai Hills, caves at Kitum, Mackingeny, Ngwarisha, Chepnyali and Kiptoro.
Main economic activities/industries: Webuye Pan Paper Mills, Nzoia Sugar Factory, BAT Malakisi and Master- mind, commercial businesses, sugar- cane farming, livestock farming Agricultural products: Sugar, coffee, maize, milk, tobacco, bananas, sweet potatoes
Education Number of institutions (2007): Primary (804), Secondary (207), Tertiary (40)
Enrollment: Total 400,407; Secondary 41,310
Tertiary: Masinde Muliro University, Kibabii TTC, Sang’alo Institute, Kisiwa Institute, Moi University Satellite Campus