2011/2012 Yearbook Devolution

38. Vihiga

The county borders Kakamega County to the north, Nandi the East, Kisumu to the south, and Siaya to the west.




Has an annual average rainfall of between 1,800mm and 2,000 mm with an average temperature of 24 0C.

Road network

Bitumen surface (135km), gravel surface (212.3km), earth surface (315km)


554,622 people

Population density: 1,045 people per km2

National percentage: 1.44 per cent

Annual growth rate: 3.3 per cent


County capital: Mbale Town (pro- posed)

Constituencies: Emuhaya, Luanda, Hamisi, Sabatia and Vihiga.


Poverty level: 62 per cent (rural and urban)

Resources: Forests, rivers, stone quarries

Tourist attractions: “Hill of Vision” Main economic activities/industries: Tea, maize, dairy farming, millet, cassava


Number of institutions (2007): Primary 396, Secondary 117

Enrolment: Primary 180,112, Secondary 36,413

Teacher to pupil ratio: 1:31 (public schools)

Tertiary: More than 10

Health Health facilities: One District Hospital, sub-district hospitals (none), dispensaries (30), health centres (22), medical clinics (19), nursing homes (2), others (4).